First Grade Religion brings the student two things: information and formation. Information is provided to the child in the form of regimented, specific knowledge; and, formation is provided by the development of the external signs of our Faith in the life of the child in the form of: the Sign of the Cross, genuflecting, proper position of kneeling and attendance at Mass, pronunciation of prayers (in both Latin and English), and forms of address for the clergy, hierarchy and professed religious.
Regimented, specific knowledge is provided so that the student may see the gradual development of a love for the Faith that is based on reason and knowledge. Regimented knowledge is also in tune with the ordered, basic knowledge that is inherent in the Catholic Faith.
The student is introduced to the Trinity, with emphasis on the life of Jesus, the plan of salvation, and the child's part in that plan. The student is also introduced to Mary, the angels and saints.
Reading in First Grade includes a selection of readings appropriate to the student's level. The texts gradually introduce new vocabulary. The teacher should read to the students, and students should in turn do their share of vocal and silent reading.
Before a child can read, he must memorize the phonograms. When the child has memorized the sounds of twenty-six letters of the alphabet, have him begin reading in the book. Remember that all children are different and learn differently. It is better to go slowly and make sure he has mastered the material than to proceed without him really understanding. The Catholic National Readers are quite challenging, but once a child has learned the phonograms and read the primer, he is ready to read simple children's books.
In using this course, the student will be introduced to reading as the natural way of learning, learn to identify characters, plots, details, and relationships, and begin to think critically about what has been read.
First Grade Phonics is directed to the development in the student of the capacity to pronounce, spell and understand differences in words. Topics covered include beginning sounds, rhyming sounds, consonants, long and short vowel sounds, consonant blends, word endings –ed and –ing, and contractions.
Pearson Phonics A begins very simply and the child should be able to do it without much difficulty, but do not let the workbook be a replacement for memorizing all seventy of the phonograms. It is strongly suggested that you practice every day in the way suggested in the guide until the student knows all of them without hesitation. Constantly point out the phonograms in new words that are introduced.
Grade One English brings the student to study kinds of sentences and most of the parts of speech in a sentence. The student is met with the requirement to use simple punctuation, capitalize words and become acquainted with compound words, synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms as well as alphabetizing words and classifying objects. The student is also required to develop and practice composition skills, including writing letters and stories. Everything learned in English should be applied and reinforced in the student's reading, composition, spelling, and phonics.
Most of the tasks in the English 1 book are self-explanatory, so very little direction is included. Many of the pages have extra written work recommended to help the student retain what was introduced. The best way to teach English is by example and reinforcement of correct usage in the spoken and written word.
The first words in the Grade One spelling list come directly from the Catholic National Readers New Primer and Book One. The child is learning to spell the words he is learning to read. Through this course, the student will learn visual and auditory discrimination of words, and achieve the ability to spell and use the given words in complete sentences.
Apply the geography lessons to the world around the child: The World in Spatial Terms, Places and Regions, Physical Systems, Human Systems, Environment and Society, The Uses of Geography.
Topics covered in first grade: Using a Map, Directions on a Map, Finding Places on a Map, Using a Map Key, Parts of a Map, Picturing a Place, Picturing the United States, Using a Globe, A World Map, Land and Water Maps, Farm Map, Town Map, City Map, State Map, Zoo and Park Maps, Weather Map, A Desert Habitat, Using Various Maps, Communities, Farms in Iowa, State Maps, Natural Resource maps, neighborhood plan
Primary Mathematics 1 (Standards Edition) is a problem-solving based curriculum. The focus is on building a foundation in mathematical reasoning and problem-solving skills by developing a solid understanding of mathematical concepts and processes. Lessons begin with a concrete representation of a concept, followed by a pictorial representation and then the introduction and use of abstract symbols and writing number sentences. Topics are covered in depth with an ultimate goal of students being able to apply mathematical concepts and reasoning to real life problem solving situations.
Grade One Math is based on the natural processes of thinking, namely induction and deduction. Inductive thinking arrives at the answer almost immediately because it seems obvious (although it is not always exact). Deductive thinking is a step-by-step process of reasoning leading to a solution. One process is not better than the other, only different from the other.
In the course, students will learn numbers and basic addition and subtraction facts up to 18, 2 and 3-digit place value, money and time, addition of 2-digit numbers, geometry and measurement, and fractions and graphing.
*Harcourt Science, 2nd Grade is used in both 1st and 2nd grade
First Grade Science is a basic introduction to the life, earth, and physical sciences. The most important part of teaching science in the early years is helping the student see the wonders of God's world, and making him unafraid of the subject when he pursues science in more depth later. Children learn more from doing the experiments and investigations alongside the reading of the textbook. Science, like history, does not need to be done every day and can be set aside if the student is being challenged by the basics in other subjects.
The Harcourt Science series has the availability of several online learning tools to anyone who purchases the textbook. The first is provided by the publisher, Harcourt. Another website is provided by the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA). This website allows you to select the topic you are studying in the book, and will take you to a page of selected website links that can help you to enhance and further develop the topics that your child is studying. The online resources are a wonderful addition to the activities provided within the text itself.
Topics in this course include Life Science: plants, animals, and people; Earth Science: the Earth's surface, the Earth's resources, and the Earth's history; Physical Science: observing and measuring matter, changes in matter
Science in First Grade should most importantly help the student see the wonders of God's world, and make him unafraid of the subject when he gets into serious science in later years. Topics covered include the world, air and weather, animals, plants, and people. Children learn more from doing experiments than they do from the book. It is recommended that you obtain Kolbe's science experiment book or any other science experiment book to use in conjunction with Science and Living in God's World. Science does not need to be done every day and can be eliminated if the student is being challenged by the basics in the other subjects.